Hair Loss

How to Avoid Hair Loss

Before these big companies discovered the formulae for healthy hair no one used to have long, shiny and healthy hairs. Do you agree with this statement. Well I don’t. Since time immemorial people had good and bad hair. In this article I am discussing few hair oils which were used for ages and have time tested results for good hair. They are cost effective too.  

5 Hair Oils to Fight Hair Fall

Hair fall is a slow process and by the time it becomes apparent you have already lost around 50% of the hair in that region. Several factors can be blamed for hair loss and the leading ones include: genetic factors, lifestyle, diet and hair care routine. While one cannot control the hereditary factors, you can definitely manage and control rest of the factors.

There are few hair oils for hair loss which have excellent nourishing properties. Although growing back lost hair is a long process but judicious use of these hair oils can help you stop further hair loss and give your hair that volume and a healthy sheen.

Coconut oil

Probably coconut oil is one of the best oils for hair loss. Coconut oil penetrates well within the hair shaft and retains the moisture of the hair by acting as a sealant. The hairs are less likely to suffer damage and stay dense as well as strong. It also protects your hair from some of the infections of the scalp. Once a week, massage warm coconut oil on the scalp and hair strands. Leave it there for about an hour and then wash with a mild shampoo. This acts as a wonderful moisturiser for your hair.

Almond oil

Rich in vitamins D & E and minerals such as calcium & magnesium, almond oil acts as a natural moisturiser for your hair. It prevents the hair from turning dry and brittle. Almond oil also strengthens the roots of the hair and reduces hair loss. It makes your hair stay healthy, thick and strong. Almond oil also increases the growth of the hair. Various almond oils are present in the market and you can also get the oil extracted by yourself from the raw almond oil. Some people are allergic to nuts and should be careful while applying almond oil. Before applying one should warm almond oil for a few minutes. Gently rub it over your scalp, allowing the oil to penetrate. Leave it there for a few hours, preferably overnight and then wash with a mild shampoo.

Olive oil

Olive oil nourishes the hair as it can penetrate the hair shaft more effectively than other oils and also has moisturising properties. It also contains vitamin E and monounsaturated fatty acids that play an important role in promoting hair growth. Olive oil application makes the hair smooth and shiny, one can use the word ‘silky’. Take warm olive oil according to the length of your hair and slowly massage it onto your scalp and over the strands of hair. Leave it there for 30 to 45 minutes and then wash your hair with a mild shampoo.

Castor oil

This oil has excellent hair growth properties and is considered an effective remedy against hair loss. Most of these benefits of castor oil are due to the oil’s contents –triglycerides of ricinoleic acid, linolenic acid and oleic acid. These have anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and vitamin E that has antioxidant action. Castor oil ingredients have some cross effect on prostamide receptors. Massage the castor oil onto the scalp and spread it evenly on hair strands. Keep it there for at least one or two hours and wash the hair using shikakai (acacia concinna) or reetha (sapindus trifoliatus) powder. If you find that castor oil alone is too thick, mix it with a little coconut oil or olive oil to thin it and follow the same procedure.

Lavender oil

Lavender oil is highly effective against hair loss. It increases circulation of blood in the scalp and also provides an anti-bacterial effect that keeps the scalp free from infections, improving the health of the hair. Take a little lavender oil and mix with either coconut or olive oil. Apply it daily to your scalp. Massage a little of this oil daily onto your scalp and leave overnight. Wash your hair the next morning using a mild shampoo.

Along with the regular use of herbal oils, consume a healthy and balanced diet rich in minerals and vitamins. Keep yourself away from stress and you are bound to notice a definite improvement in the quality of your hair.

DON’T LET HAIR LOSS TREATMENT DRAIN YOUR MONEY

Hairloss is a big problem in todays world. The multinational companies and individuals are more than eager to drill a big hole in your pocket. The competition is who is able to dig the bigger hole. The bigger the better for them. Millions of dollars are being spent on advertising and marketing the products for hair loss. Each claim that their product to be better than the rest. The consumer is so much confused that sometimes the colour or the packing becomes the deciding factor to choose a product for hair loss. It happens with everyone and it happens for other products too.

Unless there is some medical cause of hairloss, it can be very well stopped and many times reverted back within a budget equal to that of a child’s pocket money. Don’t give me that look.

Will these tips to reduce hair loss cost you a single rupee:

  • Sleeping on time and waking up early in the morning.
  • Going out for a light and refreshing morning walk.
  • Having some freshly made fruit juice before going out for work.
  • Drinking a lot of water.
  • Taking 5 minutes break after every hour of your work and doing some meditation in that time.
  • Quit smoking or at least reduce its frequency.
  • Reduce your urge for tea or coffee.
  • Having lunch on time and adding fruit salad to the menu.
  • Go out for evening walk if you missed the morning one.
  • Having a light healthy dinner.
  • Having dinner before 9:00 PM.
  • Avoiding the evening booze.
  • Reducing oil/ghee in preparation of food and eating preparing less spicy food items.

Will the following tips to fight hair loss cost you dearly :

  • Switching your hair oil to the one having almond oil or a good herbal oil combination containing almond oil.
  • Apply hair oil to your SCALP thrice a week and gently massage your scalp for few minutes. Remove it after an hour using one of the mildest shampoos (not the ones having fruits in them).58999783
  • Allowing the hair to dry them on their own rather than using blower.
  • Comb your hair gently.
  • Your hairs don’t need any conditioner as it is your scalp which needs to be conditioned.
  • Allow your hair to enjoy the weather. Don’t keep them tied up all the time.
  • Protect your hair from heat and cold using simple physical measures.

The most important thing is: Be Patient. The day you realise that you are having hair loss, you have already lost about 40% of hairs from that area of scalp. You have not lost them in few days (if this is so then please visit your dermatologist at the earliest). You have lost them over a period of months to years. In the same way to stop further hairloss or to revert back to the previous state you need to give yourself some time. This is going to take some time. Atleast give yourself 3 months of time. Follow these tips for 3 months and you will note that your hair loss has stopped and there will be definite improvement in hair density.

History of Surgical Procedures for Correction of Hair Loss

The most effective procedure of restoration of hair loss for good long term results is the surgical correction. Before embarking upon hair transplantation we should know about all other procedures of surgical hair restoration.

The concept behind all procedures of surgical hair restoration is redistribution of the hair rather than addition of new hair. Some of these procedures have only historical relevance in today’s world of ever advancing technology. Some of these procedures are:

  • Scalp reduction surgery
  • Scalp flap surgery
  • Tissue expansion

In scalp reduction surgery the bald area of scalp is progressively reduced in three to four stages by serial excision of the bald areas. Every time 3-4 cms of central strip of bald area is excised and the remaining scalp is advanced and sutured to cover the defect so created. This is repeated every 6-12 weeks. The obvious drawback is multiple stages, long time duration and scarring of the scalp.

In scalp flap surgery the whole of the scalp is incised and divided into three to four areas. Then each of these areas is lifted as flap with blood supply based on one or more major blood vessels supplying the scalp. These flaps are then re-arranged so as to cover the bald area. It is technically demanding procedure with many obvious drawbacks and complications like: blood loss, long scars, mis-directed hair, hair loss and most devastating necrosis of the scalp flaps. The only rare indication of this procedure is use of single scalp flap to in patients who demand creation of dense frontal hair line.

Scalp expansion using tissue expander is relatively not so old procedure. It has some role in management of baldness. In this procedure a balloon (tissue expander) is inserted in the hair bearing area of scalp adjoining the bald area which has to be covered. The tissue expander is then inflated with saline over the period of few weeks. When the scalp has expanded to the desired dimension then the expander is removed and the expanded hair bearing scalp skin is advanced to cover the bald area of the scalp. The major disadvantages of this procedure are scar in front of the hairline, misdirected hair and in rare cases necrosis of the expanded scalp flap.

Hair grafting is the most common hair-restoration procedure performed these days. This is also the most common cosmetic procedure accepted by men world over. There are various techniques for hair transplantation with each having its advantages and drawbacks. Early on hair transplantation was done with micrografts (1-2 hairs) combined with minigrafts (3-5 hairs). Today with the refinement of the technique and introduction of newer modifications, most surgeons consider follicular-unit grafting as the Gold Standard procedure.

In today’s hair transplantation procedure the non-hair bearing surrounding tissue is dissected away and only the follicular unit is transplanted at the recipient site. These follicular-unit grafts can be placed more closely increasing the hair density. There is reduced transaction rate and hence depletion of good follicle is minimised thereby increasing the hair yield from the strip of donor hairs. these follicular units are easy to be transplanted maintaining the natural direction of the hairs in that particular region making the results look natural.

The follicular units can be obtained by either the strip technique (follicular unit grafting) or individual extraction (follicular unit extraction). Follicular unit extraction is preferred for younger men and those who wish to shave their head, because it avoids making a linear donor site scar.

Pathophysiology of Hair Loss

Male pattern baldness has been established as an androgen-mediated miniaturization of genetically susceptible hair follicles. In women, male pattern baldness is presumed to occur due to the same process.

Male hormone testosterone is converted to dihydrotestosterone by the enzyme 5-alpha reductase. This enzyme in addition to other places in body is also present in the skin and the root of hair belonging to the susceptible areas of scalp like the fronto-temporal region. This dihydrotestosterone then acts on genetically susceptible hair follicles to cause their miniaturization and eventually leading to death of these hair follicles.

Donor versus recipient dominance refers to the ability of donor hair follicles taken from the occipital area to grow and survive after transplantation to the frontal recipient site. This phenomenon can be explained by the presence of 5-alpha reductase in the cells of the fronto-temporal hair follicles. The hair follicles from the occipital region have less or no enzyme and thus are not influenced by hormonal factors. Further the mesenchyma derived dermal papilla at the base of the mainly epithelial hair follicle controls the type of hair growth. This is also probably the site through which androgens act on follicle cells by altering the regulatory paracrine factors.

Recipient dominant conditions refer to the effect of a diseased recipient area which destroys the healthy donor follicle when transplanted. Few conditions make the recipient area unsuitable for hair transplantation because of various inhibitory factors secreted locally. These conditions include cicatricial (scarring) alopecia, such as discoid lupus erythematosus, lichen planopilaris (lichen planus of skin and hair follicles), and other active scarring skin diseases of hair and scalp. These diseases have to be first treated medically and only upon cure of the primary pathology healthy hair grafts can be transplanted into these areas.

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